Russia is an economically developed country and leader in such industries as power engineering, nuclear industry, military industry, space exploration, agriculture, fertilizer production, wood processing, metal production and heavy metallurgy, chemical industry, oil refining, pharmaceuticals, construction materials production, heavy and light engineering, aviation and shipbuilding.
The country is one of the leading exporters of energy resources and ranks first in the world in export of natural gas and second in export of oil. The country is also one of the largest producers and exporters of electricity in the world, occupying the 4th place after China, USA and India. There are some of the largest hydroelectric power plants located in the country.
Apart from that, Russia is the world leader in the nuclear industry, its share roughly complies 17% of the global nuclear fuel market and more than 40 % of the uranium enrichment services market. Russia is also the 5th in the world in uranium mining. Nuclear plants in Germany, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Finland were built by Russian specialists — the total amount equals to 33 power units. In recent years Russia has successfully constructed and put several power units into operation, including two units of Taiwan's NPP in China and the Bushehr nuclear power plant in Iran. Today the country has over 20 power units under construction worldwide.
In agriculture Russia produces a very wide range of food products including: vegetables, fruits, nuts, honey, meat, fish, dairy products, etc. Russia is the world leader in the grain export and one of the leaders in production and export of fertilizers.
The construction of the longest railways’ network in the world, exceeding 87 thousand km, is another notable achievement of the Russian industry, especially, taking into account, that many of these railways were constructed in the severe natural conditions of permafrost.
Today Russia designs and builds airplanes and helicopters (both military and civil), ships (including the world's largest nuclear-powered icebreakers), submarines, trains, produces a large range of automotive vehicles (cars, trucks, buses, ATVs, etc.) and certainly the most modern spacecraft (both satellites and space rockets).
Russia is the second largest arms exporter in the world, with trade volume exceeding $15 billion per year. The military production of Russia is widely known all over the world. Kalashnikov rifle is the most widespread small arm complex in the world and modern Russian tank T-14 Armata is the only tank of the new generation with no analogues in the world. Russia is also famous for its achievements in helicopter- and aircraft construction having the best models of its type: attack helicopters KA-52 ‘Alligator’ and MI-28 ‘Night hunter’, modern multipurpose 4++ generation aircrafts – SU-34 and SU-35 and the world's second aircraft of the 5th – generation PAK-FA. Besides, the country produces the world's best antiaircraft and antimissile defense systems S-300 and S-400, cruise missile complexes ‘Iskander’ and ‘Caliber’ that have no analogues in the world.
Russia was the first country to send a man into the space and to send a remote-controlled vehicle to the moon. Today Russia is the leader in providing space services. Only Russian rockets take cosmonauts and astronauts to the International Space Station, besides the country provides services for the Earth remote sensing, searching for natural resources via satellites and global positioning services. Rocket engines of the Russian production RD-180 are used by many space agencies, in particular, this is the only engine used in the modern American space rocket Atlas.